Jack the Ripper
The name adopted by an unknown murderer that, from Aug. 7 to Nov. 10, 1888, killed at least seven women, all prostitutes, in the East End of London, England.
These murders constitute one of the most notorious unsolved criminal cases of modern times. The name Jack the Ripper was signed to a series of taunting notes sent to police authorities, presumably by the murderer. That the murders were all committed by the same person is likely. Each victim's throat was slashed, and each body was mutilated in a manner suggesting that the killer had a considerable knowledge of anatomy.
Among suspects at the time were Michael Ostrog, a Russian doctor; Kosminski, a Polish Jew; and M. J. Druitt, the unsuccessful son of a Dorsetshire surgeon. A more recent theory is that the murders were planned and carried out by a group of high-ranking Freemasons, including Sir William Gull, the royal physician. The alleged motive was the suppression of scandals involving Prince Albert Victor, the Duke of Clarence, and elder son of the Prince of Wales who later became king Edward VII. Another theory is that the killer was Prince Albert Victor himself, or J. K. Stephen, the prince's lover.
There was a great public outcry over the crimes, and the police made strenuous efforts to capture the murderer. The failure to catch the murderer was a factor that led to the resignation of London's police commissioner.
A sizable literature has grown up about Jack the Ripper. Novels as well as serious investigations into his identity have been popular for many decades. One of the most successful novels was 'The Lodger', published in 1913, by Mrs. Belloc Lowndes, from which three motion pictures have been made. A list of the literature about the crimes can be found in 'Jack the Ripper: a Bibliography and Review of the Literature' (1979), by Alexander Kelly.
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Sources: Article is scheduled to be reviewed.
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