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Vishnu in the Centre of His Ten Avatars, Jaipur, Rajasthan. . .  —  Buy this art print at

A South Asian religious tradition which takes its name from those who follow the teachings and example of authoritative teachers called Jina ('conqueror').

Sometimes considered an offshoot of Hinduism, Jainism was founded in the 6th-century BC, in India, by Vardhamana Mahavira.

Jainism has two traditions. The Svetambara ('white-robed') follow a canon of scripture containing the sermons and dialogues of Vardhamana Mahavira. The other, the Digambara ('sky-clad or naked'), believe the original teachings have been lost but the original message is preserved; Monks and nuns vows nudity.


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Jainism holds that twenty-four Jinas appear in succession throughout regular temporal movements in the course of eternity and communicate the unchanging doctrine of correct knowledge, correct faith, and correct behavior. Their sacred texts are the Agama (the dialogues and discourses of Mahavira), the Cheda-sutras (the rules of asceticism) and the Culika-sutras (texts on the nature of the mind and knowledge).

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Sources: (1) Dictionary of the Occult
, Caxton Publishing; (2) Spence, Lewis, An Encyclopedia of Occultism, Carol Publishing Group.

-- Further Learning

Copyright Info --
-- Videos and DVDs Bibliography --
-- Art and Graphics Basic Navigation --
-- Suggested Reading Additional Online Info --


Suggested Software:
Courses on New Age and Alternative Beliefs:

-- Astral Trance - Astral Projection and Hypnosis.

BMV Quantum Subliminal: Out of Body Experiences.

-- Dream Interpreter CD-ROM: Spiritual, Psychological and Traditional Interpretations of Dreams.

Etrom: The Astral Essence.

Full-Color Angels CD-ROM: Heavenly Images, Angels and Cherubs.

Religious Studies: Religions of the World CD-ROM.

The Study of Religion CD-ROM.

The Totally New Complete Edgar Cayce Readings CD-ROM.

The URANTIA Book CD-ROM: The History of Earth.

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-- Click HERE for the best prices on top-selling software titles.

Suggested Videos:

-- A Day in the Light (DVD).

-- Avatar Life After Addiction (DVD).

-- God and Buddha - A Dialogue (DVD).

-- Great World Religions: Hinduism (DVD).

-- I Am That I Am: Experience the Teaching of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj (DVD).

-- IMAX Presents - Kingdom of the Tiger (DVD).

-- Joseph Campbell - Sukhavati (DVD).

-- Krishna Das - The Yoga of Chant (DVD).

-- Life of Buddha (DVD).

-- Lost Treasures of the Ancient World Series 3 - Ancient India (DVD).

-- Luminous Dimensions DVD.

-- Origins of India's Hindu Civilization (DVD).

-- Parasurama and Satyavan Savitri - Short Stories From the Mahabaratha (DVD).

-- Sex, The Secret Gate to Eden - Alchemy, Tantra, and Kabbalah (DVD).

-- Slokas for Children (Sanskrit) (DVD).

-- Sound Yoga & Nada Yoga: The Healing Power of Sacred Sound (DVD).

-- The Silk Road DVD Collection.

-- The Soul Of India (DVD).

-- Understanding Hindu Traditions DVD.

-- Unexplained Mysteries - Out of Body Experiences.

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-- Click HERE for the best prices on top-selling DVD titles.

-- Meditation 101.

Dream Interpreting.

-- Auras: Viewing, Identifying, and Understanding.

Introduction to Dowsing - A Better Way of Life.

Self Hypnosis 101: Reshaping Your Reality.

Understanding Parapsychology and the Paranormal.

-- Click HERE for more new age and alternative beliefs courses.

Suggested Art prints and Posters:

Hinduism Poster
Buy this poster
Hinduism Poster
Buy this poster
According to Hindu Belief the Earth is Supported on Elephants Standing on a Tortoise
According to Hindu Belief the Earth is Supported on Elephants Standing on a Tortoise Giclee Print
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  The Ten Avatars (Incarnations) of Vishnu
The Ten Avatars (Incarnations) of Vishnu Giclee Print
Buy this art print
Rama the 7th Avatar of Vishnu Slays Maricha Who Has Assumed the Form of a Deer
Rama the 7th Avatar of Vishnu Slays Maricha Who Has Assumed the Form of a Deer Giclee Print
Venkatappa, K.
Buy this art print
    Rama the Seventh Avatar of Vishnu is Tempted by Shurpanakha a Rakshasa
Rama the Seventh Avatar of Vishnu is Tempted by Shurpanakha a Rakshasa Giclee Print
Goble, Warwick
Buy this art print
Sita Finds Rama (Seventh Avatar of Vishnu) Among the Lotus Blooms
Sita Finds Rama (Seventh Avatar of Vishnu) Among the Lotus Blooms Giclee Print
Goble, Warwick
Buy this art print
    The Matsya Avatar, or the First Incarnation of Vishnu in the Form of a Fish
The Matsya Avatar, or the First Incarnation of Vishnu in the Form of a Fish Giclee Print
English School
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Vishnu in the Centre of His Ten Avatars, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Vishnu in the Centre of His Ten Avatars, Jaipur, Rajasthan Giclee Print
Rajput School
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    Krishna the 8th Avatar of Vishnu Instructs Arjuna
Krishna the 8th Avatar of Vishnu Instructs Arjuna Giclee Print
Nath, Surendra
Buy this art print

-- Click HERE for more related art prints and posters.
-- Click HERE for related magazines and periodicals.

Suggested Books:

-- A Treatise On Jainism (Forgotten Books).

Am I A Hindu? The Hinduism Primer.

An Introduction to Hinduism.

An Introduction to Jainism.

Avatars of the Word: From Papyrus to Cyberspace.

Brief History of Tantra Literature.

Canon of the Shaivagama and the Kubjika: Trantras of the Western Kaula Tradition (Shaiva Traditions of Kashmir).

Eastern Religion For Western Gnostics.

Hindu Myths: A Sourcebook Translated from the Sanskrit.


Historical Dictionary of Jainism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series).

History of Jainism (3 vol. set).

Jaina Path of Purification.

Jaina Sutras: Part I & II (Forgotten Books).

Jainism: An Introduction (I.B. Taurus Introductions to Religion).

Jainism: Short Essays on Jain Philosophy (Forgotten Books).

Jainism and Ecology: Nonviolence in the Web of Life (Religions of the World and Ecology).

Japji: Meditation in Sikhism.

Journey Through Jainism.

Life Force: The World of Jainism.

Lions of the Punjab: An Introduction to the Sikh Religion (The Los Horizon Series).

Living Deliberately: The Discovery and Development of Avatar.


Meditations on Tantra.

Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization (Mythos).

Myths of the Hindus and Buddhists.

New Light on Tantra: Account of Some Tantras, Both Hindu and Buddhist, Alchemy in Tantra, Tantric Therapy, List of Unpublished Tantras.

Nine Tattvas (Principles).

Philosophies of India.

Sikh Spiritual Practice: The Sound Way to God.


Sikhism (World Religions Series).

Sikhism: An Introduction (I.B.Tauris Introductions to Religion).

Sikhism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions).

The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning.

The Book of Secrets: The Science of Meditation - A Contemporary Approach to 112 Meditations Described in the Vigyan Bhairav Tantra.

The Buddhist Tantras: Light on Indo-Tibetan Esotericism.

The Complete Idiot's Guide to Hinduism.

The Essentials of Hinduism: A Comprehensive Overview of the World's Oldest Religion.

The Forest of Thieves and the Magic Garden (Penguin Classics).

The Guru Granth Sahib and Sikhism (Sacred Texts (Smart Apple)).

The Heart of Jainism.

The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to Its Meaning and Forms.

The Jain Path: Ancient Wisdom for the West.

The Jains (The Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices).

The Sikh Religion (Forgotten Books).

The Sikhs.

The Ultimate Sikhism Library - (A Unique Collection of 3 sacred books of the Sikhs).

The Voice of the Prophets: Wisdom of the Ages.

Understanding Sikhism (Understanding Faith).

Vedanta: Heart of Hinduism.

What is Hinduism?

-- Click HERE for more Hinduism related books.

-- Click HERE for more Jainism related books.

-- Click HERE for more Sikhism related books.

-- Click HERE for more Tantras related books.

-- Click HERE for the best prices on top-selling book titles.



Further info:

-- Astral Travel.
-- Avatar.
-- Jainism.
-- Hinduism.
-- Out-of-Body Experience.
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